Der kleine EU-Staat Malta im Mittelmeer an der Schnittstelle zwischen Europa und Afrika ist einer der am dichtest besiedelten Staaten der Welt. ORF2 TV-Programm: Mein Malta (Doku). marmo-on-line.com · Doku · Terra X; Ungelöste Fälle der Archäologie (2/2) in Peru oder die prähistorischen Schleifrillen auf der Insel Malta als Relikte alter Landebahnen.
10 Euro für 45 Minuten Doku Film - The Malta ExperienceUm dir ein tolles Nutzungserlebnis unserer Services ProSieben, Kabel Eins, SAT.1, sixx, ProSieben MAXX, SAT.1 GOLD, Kabel Eins Doku, The Voice of Germany,. ORF2 TV-Programm: Mein Malta (Doku). Kulturdoku; Mein Malta. Valletta - seit Jahrtausenden führt der Weg zu Maltas Hauptstadt über das Meer.
Malta Doku Inhaltsverzeichnis VideoMalta: Kulinarische Reise über die Mittelmeerinsel - Taste It! - Welt der Wunder VisitMalta is the official website for Malta, Gozo & Comino. Malta is a great place to visit for sea, sun, culture, attractions and all year round events. Malta ist der ideale Ort für einen Kurztrip oder eine Sprachreise – im Sommer wie im Winter. Die ehemalige britische Kolonie bietet aber viel mehr als schöne. Malta has been inhabited from around BC, since the arrival of settlers from the island of Sicily. A significant prehistoric Neolithic culture marked by Megalithic structures, which date back to c. BC, existed on the islands, as evidenced by the temples of Bugibba, Mnajdra, Ggantija and others. 25 Best Things to Do in Malta Malta has an almost mythical quality to it that comes from its eerie underwater caves, stunning temples, and medieval architecture. The streets here wind around towns and villages taking you past churches, markets, and museums, and some of the oldest buildings in the world can be found on this pretty isle. Malta, island country located in the central Mediterranean Sea with a close historical and cultural connection to both Europe and North Africa, lying some 58 miles (93 km) south of Sicily and miles ( km) from either Libya or Tunisia. The island achieved independence from British rule in Kulturdoku; Mein Malta. Valletta - seit Jahrtausenden führt der Weg zu Maltas Hauptstadt über das Meer. Die aktuelle Folge führt nach Malta. Der einstige Staat des souveränen Malteserordens ist heute als selbstständiger Inselstaat Mitgliedsland der Europäischen. Der kleine EU-Staat Malta im Mittelmeer an der Schnittstelle zwischen Europa und Afrika ist einer der am dichtest besiedelten Staaten der Welt. Um dir ein tolles Nutzungserlebnis unserer Services ProSieben, Kabel Eins, SAT.1, sixx, ProSieben MAXX, SAT.1 GOLD, Kabel Eins Doku, The Voice of Germany,.
Es werden immer wieder Krankenpfleger, Krankenpflegehelfer und Ärzte gesucht. Auch haben sich einige deutsche Firmen auf den Maltesischen Inseln angesiedelt, besonders aus der Internetbranche.
Die traditionellen Wirtschaftszweige sind jedoch Landwirtschaft hauptsächlich auf Gozo und Fischerei. Jobs in Malta. Diese sind die hochwertigsten Absicherungen für Ihren Auslandsaufenthalt als Single oder Familie, ob zeitlich begrenzt oder dauerhaft.
Die Mietpreise sind hingegen durchschnittlich günstiger, insbesondere in der Nebensaison Oktober bis Mai. Wohnungen werden hier meist möbliert und mit Einbauküche vermietet.
Wer jedoch in den Neubaugebieten von St. Die Immobilienpreise sind auf den maltesischen Inseln vergleichsweise teuer, natürlich auch sehr in Abhängigkeit von Lage, Bauart und Ausstattung.
Wer auf Malta dauerhaft leben will, kommt ohne die maltesische ID- Card nicht aus. Man braucht sie wenn man ein Bankkonto eröffnet, eine Wohnung mietet, einen Telefonanschluss beantragt oder auch nur eine DVD ausleihen möchte.
Man benötigt dazu seinen Reisepass bzw. Personalausweis sowie den Nachweis des Wohnsitzes in Malta. Leider ist der Besuch des Hypogeum stark eingeschränkt.
An einem Tag dürfen nur knapp Besucher das Felsengewölbe besuchen. Bei den Touren handelt es sich zudem immer um geführte Touren. Darauf solltest du dich einstellen.
Den Besuch des Hypogeum solltest du deswegen genau planen. Reserviere dir hierzu vorab die Tickets. Bei diesen handelt es sich immer um Zeittickets.
Du solltest somit auch darauf achten pünktlich vor Ort zu sein. Zudem kann ich dir nur empfehlen zeitig zu reservieren.
Bei meinem Besuch waren die Tickets bereits 3 Wochen im Voraus ausgebucht gewesen. Die Tour durch das Hypogeum dauert rund 45 Minuten, von denen du ca.
Über einen Sprachguide in der jeweiligen Landessprache und einem Führer wirst du in die Geheimnisse des Hypogeum eingeweiht.
Über diese Treppe kommst du in den megalithischen Tempel, des Hypogeum. Interessant ist, während der Tour tauchen einige Rätsel auf, die noch nicht beantwortet werden können.
Im Inneren des Hypogeum sieht es dann so aus. Sie gehört zu den ältesten entdeckten Anlagen der Welt. Ausgegraben wurde sie in den ern und im Gegensatz zu den anderen Anlagen unter archäologischen Grundsätzen.
Deswegen konnte man in dieser Anlage auch viele Hinweise dazu finden, wie die prähistorischen Völker hier gelebt haben. Hier wurden Überreste mehrerer Hütten entdeckt, in denen die Bewohner lebten.
Hier segnen Priester Fischerboote, erklimmen mutige Männer eingefettete Masten, wetteifern Dörfer um das schönste Feuerwerk, versenkt man Schiffe, um künstliche Riffe zu bauen.
Titel: mare TV — Malta. Training Camps. Service Providers. Dive Sites. Shore Diving. Boat Diving. Diving Centres. Entertainment Venues. Business Aviation.
Electric Car Tours. Bicycle Hire. Tourist Trains. Doku 3sat Wissenschaftsdoku - Extremer Kinderwunsch. Doku 3sat Wissenschaftsdoku - Die zerrissene Gesellschaft.
Doku 3sat Wissenschaftsdoku - Schwelbrand im Körper. Doku 3sat Wissenschaftsdoku - Die Sprache der Wale.
Doku - Extremismus in Deutschland. In the 19th century, most emigration from Malta was to North Africa and the Middle East, although rates of return migration to Malta were high.
By , for example, British consular estimates suggest that there were 15, Maltese in Tunisia , and in it was claimed that 15, people of Maltese origin were living in Algeria.
Malta experienced significant emigration as a result of the collapse of a construction boom in and after the Second World War, when the birth rate increased significantly, but in the 20th century, most emigrants went to destinations in the New World , particularly to Australia, Canada, and the United States.
Between and , 30 percent of the population emigrated. Emigration dropped dramatically after the mids and has since ceased to be a social phenomenon of significance.
However, since Malta joined the EU in expatriate communities emerged in a number of European countries particularly in Belgium and Luxembourg.
Primary schooling has been compulsory since ; secondary education up to the age of sixteen was made compulsory in Aloysius' College in Birkirkara , St.
As of [update] , state schools are organised into networks known as Colleges and incorporate kindergarten schools, primary and secondary schools.
Martin's College in Swatar and St. Catherine's High School, Pembroke offers an International Foundation Course for students wishing to learn English before entering mainstream education.
The state pays a portion of the teachers' salary in Church schools. Education in Malta is based on the British model.
Primary school lasts six years. Pupils sit for SEC O-level examinations at the age of 16, with passes obligatory in certain subjects such as Mathematics, a minimum of one science subject Physics, Biology or Chemistry , English and Maltese.
Upon obtaining these subjects, Pupils may opt to continue studying at a sixth form college such as Gan Frangisk Abela Junior College , St.
The sixth form course lasts for two years, at the end of which students sit for the matriculation examination. Subject to their performance, students may then apply for an undergraduate degree or diploma.
The adult literacy rate is Maltese and English are both used to teach pupils at the primary and secondary school level, and both languages are also compulsory subjects.
Public schools tend to use both Maltese and English in a balanced manner. Private schools prefer to use English for teaching, as is also the case with most departments of the University of Malta ; this has a limiting effect on the capacity and development of the Maltese language.
Of the total number of pupils studying a first foreign language at secondary level, 51 per cent take Italian whilst 38 per cent take French.
Malta is also a popular destination to study the English language, attracting over 80, students in Malta has a long history of providing publicly funded health care.
The first hospital recorded in the country was already functioning by The Maltese Ministry of Health advises foreign residents to take out private medical insurance.
The Mater Dei Hospital , Malta's primary hospital, opened in It has one of the largest medical buildings in Europe. The University of Malta has a medical school and a Faculty of Health Sciences , the latter offering diploma, degree BSc and postgraduate degree courses in a number of health care disciplines.
The Medical Association of Malta represents practitioners of the medical profession. The Foundation Program followed in the UK has been introduced in Malta to stem the 'brain drain' of newly graduated physicians to the British Isles.
The culture of Malta reflects the various cultures, from the Phoenicians to the British, that have come into contact with the Maltese Islands throughout the centuries, including neighbouring Mediterranean cultures, and the cultures of the nations that ruled Malta for long periods of time prior to its independence in This consists of background folk guitar music, while a few people, generally men, take it in turns to argue a point in a sing-song voice.
The aim of the lyrics, which are improvised, is to create a friendly yet challenging atmosphere, and it takes a number of years of practice to be able to combine the required artistic qualities with the ability to debate effectively.
Documented Maltese literature is over years old. However, a recently unearthed love ballad testifies to literary activity in the local tongue from the Medieval period.
Subsequent writers like Ruzar Briffa and Karmenu Vassallo tried to estrange themselves from the rigidity of formal themes and versification. The next generation of writers, including Karl Schembri and Immanuel Mifsud , widened the tracks further, especially in prose and poetry.
Maltese architecture has been influenced by many different Mediterranean cultures and British architecture over its history.
The Neolithic temple builders — BC endowed the numerous temples of Malta and Gozo with intricate bas relief designs, including spirals evocative of the tree of life and animal portraits, designs painted in red ochre, ceramics and a vast collection of human form sculptures, particularly the Venus of Malta.
These can be viewed at the temples themselves most notably, the Hypogeum and Tarxien Temples , and at the National Museum of Archaeology in Valletta.
Malta's temples such as Imnajdra are full of history and have a story behind them. The Roman period introduced highly decorative mosaic floors, marble colonnades, and classical statuary, remnants of which are beautifully preserved and presented in the Roman Domus, a country villa just outside the walls of Mdina.
The early Christian frescoes that decorate the catacombs beneath Malta reveal a propensity for eastern, Byzantine tastes. These tastes continued to inform the endeavours of medieval Maltese artists, but they were increasingly influenced by the Romanesque and Southern Gothic movements.
Towards the end of the 15th century, Maltese artists, like their counterparts in neighbouring Sicily, came under the influence of the School of Antonello da Messina , which introduced Renaissance ideals and concepts to the decorative arts in Malta.
The artistic heritage of Malta blossomed under the Knights of St. John , who brought Italian and Flemish Mannerist painters to decorate their palaces and the churches of these islands, most notably, Matteo Perez d'Aleccio , whose works appear in the Magisterial Palace and in the Conventual Church of St.
John in Valletta, and Filippo Paladini, who was active in Malta from to For many years, Mannerism continued to inform the tastes and ideals of local Maltese artists.
The arrival in Malta of Caravaggio , who painted at least seven works during his month stay on these islands, further revolutionised local art. His legacy is evident in the works of local artists Giulio Cassarino — and Stefano Erardi — However, the Baroque movement that followed was destined to have the most enduring impact on Maltese art and architecture.
The glorious vault paintings of the celebrated Calabrese artist, Mattia Preti transformed the severe, Mannerist interior of the Conventual Church St.
John into a Baroque masterpiece. Preti spent the last 40 years of his life in Malta, where he created many of his finest works, now on display in the Museum of Fine Arts in Valletta.
During the 17th and 18th century, Neapolitan and Rococo influences emerged in the works of the Italian painters Luca Giordano — and Francesco Solimena — , and these developments can be seen in the work of their Maltese contemporaries such as Gio Nicola Buhagiar — and Francesco Zahra — The Rococo movement was greatly enhanced by the relocation to Malta of Antoine de Favray — , who assumed the position of court painter to Grand Master Pinto in Parliament established the National School of Art in the s.
During the reconstruction period that followed the Second World War, the emergence of the "Modern Art Group", whose members included Josef Kalleya — , George Preca — , Anton Inglott — , Emvin Cremona — , Frank Portelli — , Antoine Camilleri — , Gabriel Caruana and Esprit Barthet — greatly enhanced the local art scene.
This group of forward-looking artists came together forming an influential pressure group known as the Modern Art Group.
Together they forced the Maltese public to take seriously modern aesthetics and succeeded in playing a leading role in the renewal of Maltese art.
Most of Malta's modern artists have in fact studied in Art institutions in England, or on the continent, leading to the explosive development of a wide spectrum of views and to a diversity of artistic expression that has remained characteristic of contemporary Maltese art.
Craig Hanna. A number of regional variations, particularly with regards to Gozo, can be noted as well as seasonal variations associated with the seasonal availability of produce and Christian feasts such as Lent , Easter and Christmas.
Food has been important historically in the development of a national identity in particular the traditional fenkata i.
Potatoes are a staple of the Maltese diet as well. There is a strong wine industry in Malta, with significant production of wines using these native grapes, as well as locally grown grapes of other more common varietals, such as Chardonnay and Syrah.
Maltese folktales include various stories about mysterious creatures and supernatural events. This collection of material inspired subsequent researchers and academics to gather traditional tales , fables and legends from all over the Archipelago.
The traditional Maltese obsession with maintaining spiritual or ritual purity  means that many of these creatures have the role of guarding forbidden or restricted areas and attacking individuals who broke the strict codes of conduct that characterised the island's pre-industrial society.
This is a belief that Malta shares with many other Mediterranean cultures. Rural Malta shares in common with the Mediterranean society a number of superstitions regarding fertility, menstruation, and pregnancy, including the avoidance of cemeteries during the months leading up to childbirth, and avoiding the preparation of certain foods during menses.
Pregnant women are encouraged to satisfy their cravings for specific foods, out of fear that their unborn child will bear a representational birth mark Maltese: xewqa , literally "desire" or "craving".
Maltese and Sicilian women also share certain traditions that are believed to predict the sex of an unborn child, such as the cycle of the moon on the anticipated date of birth, whether the baby is carried "high" or "low" during pregnancy, and the movement of a wedding ring, dangled on a string above the abdomen sideways denoting a girl, back and forth denoting a boy.
Traditionally, Maltese newborns were baptised as promptly as possible, should the child die in infancy without receiving this vital Sacrament; and partly because according to Maltese and Sicilian folklore an unbaptised child is not yet a Christian, but "still a Turk".
These may include a hard-boiled egg, a Bible, crucifix or rosary beads , a book, and so on. Whichever object the child shows the most interest in is said to reveal the child's path and fortunes in adulthood.
Money refers to a rich future while a book expresses intelligence and a possible career as a teacher.
Infants who select a pencil or pen will be writers. Choosing Bibles or rosary beads refers to a clerical or monastic life. If the child chooses a hard-boiled egg, it will have a long life and many children.
More recent additions include calculators refers to accounting , thread fashion and wooden spoons cooking and a great appetite.
Traditional Maltese weddings featured the bridal party walking in procession beneath an ornate canopy, from the home of the bride's family to the parish church, with singers trailing behind serenading the bride and groom.
This custom along with many others has long since disappeared from the islands, in the face of modern practices.
However, it is no longer worn in modern Malta. Today's couples are married in churches or chapels in the village or town of their choice.
The nuptials are usually followed by a lavish and joyous wedding reception, often including several hundred guests. Occasionally, couples will try to incorporate elements of the traditional Maltese wedding in their celebration.
Andrew's Chapel. Local festivals, similar to those in Southern Italy, are commonplace in Malta and Gozo, celebrating weddings, christenings and, most prominently, saints ' days, honouring the patron saint of the local parish.
On saints' days, in the morning, the festa reaches its apex with a High Mass featuring a sermon on the life and achievements of the patron saint.
In the evening, then, a statue of the religious patron is taken around the local streets in solemn procession, with the faithful following in respectful prayer.
The atmosphere of religious devotion is preceded by several days of celebration and revelry: band marches, fireworks , and late-night parties. Carnival Maltese: il-karnival ta' Malta has had an important place on the cultural calendar after Grand Master Piero de Ponte introduced it to the islands in It is held during the week leading up to Ash Wednesday , and typically includes masked balls, fancy dress and grotesque mask competitions, lavish late-night parties, a colourful, ticker-tape parade of allegorical floats presided over by King Carnival Maltese: ir-Re tal-Karnival , marching bands and costumed revellers.
Numerous religious traditions, most of them inherited from one generation to the next, are part of the paschal celebrations in the Maltese Islands, honouring the death and resurrection of Jesus.
Mnarja, or l-Imnarja pronounced lim-nar-ya is one of the most important dates on the Maltese cultural calendar. Officially, it is a national festival dedicated to the feast of Saints Peter and St.
Its roots can be traced back to the pagan Roman feast of Luminaria literally, "the illumination" , when torches and bonfires lit up the early summer night of 29 June.
A national feast since the rule of the Knights , Mnarja is a traditional Maltese festival of food, religion and music.
The festivities still commence today with the reading of the "bandu" , an official governmental announcement, which has been read on this day in Malta since the 16th century.
Originally, Mnarja was celebrated outside St. Paul's Grotto, in the north of Malta. However, by the focus of the festivities had shifted to the Cathedral of St.
Paul , in Mdina , and featured torchlight processions, the firing of petards, horseraces, and races for men, boys, and slaves.
Modern Mnarja festivals take place in and around the woodlands of Buskett , just outside the town of Rabat. It is said that under the Knights, this was the one day in the year when the Maltese were allowed to hunt and eat wild rabbit , which was otherwise reserved for the hunting pleasures of the Knights.
The close connection between Mnarja and rabbit stew Maltese: "fenkata" remains strong today. In British governor William Reid launched an agricultural show at Buskett which is still being held today.
The farmers' exhibition is still a seminal part of the Mnarja festivities today. Traditionally, grooms would promise to take their brides to Mnarja during the first year of marriage.
For luck, many of the brides would attend in their wedding gown and veil, although this custom has long since disappeared from the islands.
The festival has been arranged annually in Malta since , with major pop artists performing each year. Over 50, people attended, which marked the biggest attendance so far.
In the first New Year's Eve street party was organised in Malta, parallel to what major countries in the world organise. Although the event was not highly advertised, and was controversial due to the closing of an arterial street on the day, it is deemed to have been successful and will most likely be organised every year.
The festival offers fireworks displays of a number of Maltese as well as foreign fireworks factories. The festival is usually held in the last week of April every year.
The most widely read and financially the strongest newspapers are published by Allied Newspapers Ltd. Advertising, sales, and subsidies are the three main methods of financing newspapers and magazines.
However, most of the papers and magazines tied to institutions are subsidised by the same institutions, they depend on advertising or subsidies from their owners.
These channels are transmitted by digital terrestrial, free-to-air signals on UHF channel The rest are privately owned. The Malta Broadcasting Authority supervises all local broadcasting stations and ensures their compliance with legal and licence obligations as well as the preservation of due impartiality; in respect of matters of political or industrial controversy or relating to current public policy; while fairly apportioning broadcasting facilities and time between persons belong to different political parties.
The Broadcasting Authority ensures that local broadcasting services consist of public, private and community broadcasts that offer varied and comprehensive programming to cater for all interests and tastes.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Island country in the central Mediterranean. This article is about the country.
For other uses, see Malta disambiguation. Website gov. Main articles: History of Malta and Timeline of Maltese history.
See also: Arab—Byzantine wars and Islam in Malta. Main article: Norman invasion of Malta. Main articles: French occupation of Malta and Siege of Malta — See also: State of Malta.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Armed Forces of Malta.
Main article: Geography of Malta. Main article: Climate of Malta. Bajtar tax-xewk , or prickly pears, are commonly cultivated in Maltese villages.
Main article: Economy of Malta. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.Auf Malta kannst du dir 7 megalithische Tempel ansehen, bei denen so manches Rätsel noch nicht gelüftet wurde. 6 der Tempel findest du auf der Hauptinsel marmo-on-line.com Älteste befindet sich aber auf der Nachbarinsel Gozo. Die Tempel gehören zu den bekanntesten Sehenswürdigkeiten auf Malta. Malta, Gozo and Comino have been preparing to ensure that your next stay on the islands is pleasant, rewarding and safe. find out more. Gozo - Island of Legends. Gozo, meaning 'joy' in Castilian, is the second largest Island of the Maltese archipelago. With its relaxed pace of life, Gozo is the ideal getaway. Mein Malta. Der kleine EU-Staat Malta im Mittelmeer an der Schnittstelle zwischen Europa und Afrika ist einer der am dichtest besiedelten Staaten der Welt. Produktionsland und -jahr: Datum: